ATN International, Inc.
ATLANTIC TELE NETWORK INC /DE (Form: 10-Q, Received: 05/10/2016 17:16:55)

Table of Contents

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 


 

Form 10-Q

 

 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2016

 

OR

 

 

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from           to             

 

Commission File Number 001-12593

 


 

Atlantic Tele-Network, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

 

Delaware

 

47-0728886

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)

 

500 Cummings Center

Beverly, MA 01915

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

 

(978) 619-1300

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

600 Cummings Center

Beverly, MA 01915

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed, since last report)

 


 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes     No  

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes     No  

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company 

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act): Yes     No  

 

As of May 10, 2016, the registrant had outstanding 16,143,514 shares of its common stock ($.01 par value).

 

 

 


 

Table of Contents

ATLANTIC TELE-NETWORK, INC.

 

FORM 10-Q

 

Quarter Ended March 31, 2016

 

 

 

 

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS  

 

 

 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION  

 

 

 

Item 1  

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2015 and March 31, 2016

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Income Statements for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2015 and 2016

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2015 and 2016

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2015 and 2016

 

 

 

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

Item 2  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

21 - 34

 

 

 

Item 3  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

35 

 

 

 

Item 4  

Controls and Procedures

35 

 

 

 

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION  

36 

 

 

 

Item 1  

Legal Proceedings

36 

 

 

 

Item1A  

Risk Factors

36 

 

 

 

Item 2  

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

40 

 

 

 

Item 6  

Exhibits

41 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES  

42 

 

 

 

CERTIFICATIONS

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statement s

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (or the “Report”) contains forward-looking statements relating to, among other matters, our future financial performance and results of operations; the competitive environment in our key markets, demand for our services and industry trends; the outcome of regulatory matters; our continued access to the credit and capital markets; the pace of our network expansion and improvement, including our level of estimated future capital expenditures and our realization of the benefits of these investments; our pending acquisition; and management’s plans and strategy for the future. These forward-looking statements are based on estimates, projections, beliefs, and assumptions and are not guarantees of future events or results.  Actual future events and results could differ materially from the events and results indicated in these statements as a result of many factors, including, among others, (1)  the general performance of our operations, including operating margins, revenues, and the future growth and retention of our subscriber base and consumer demand for solar power; (2) government regulation of our businesses, which may impact our FCC and other telecommunications licenses or our renewables business; (3) economic, political and other risks facing our operations, including in various jurisdictions outside the United States where we have operations; (4) our ability to maintain favorable roaming arrangements; (5) our ability to efficiently and cost-effectively upgrade our networks and IT platforms to address  rapid and significant technological changes in the telecommunications industry; (6) the loss of or an inability to recruit skilled personnel in our various jurisdictions, including key members of management; (7) our ability to find investment or acquisition or disposition opportunities that fit our strategic goals for the Company; (8) increased competition; (9) our ability to operate in the renewable energy industry; (10) our reliance on a limited number of key suppliers and vendors for timely supply of equipment and services relating to our network infrastructure; (11) the adequacy and expansion capabilities of our network capacity and customer service system to support our customer growth; (12) the occurrence of weather events and natural catastrophes; (13) our continued access to capital and credit markets; (14) our ability to integrate our acquired businesses; (15) our ability to realize the value that we believe exists in our businesses; and (16) our ability to receive requisite regulatory consents and approvals and satisfy other conditions needed to complete our pending acquisition. These and other additional factors that may cause actual future events and results to differ materially from the events and results indicated in the forward-looking statements above are set forth more fully in Item 1A of this Report under the caption “Risk Factors” and under Item 1A “Risk Factors” of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015, filed with the SEC on February 29, 2016 and the other reports we file from time to time with the SEC.  The Company undertakes no obligation and has no intention to update these forward-looking statements to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors that may affect such forward-looking statements.

 

In this Report, the words “the Company”, “we,” “our,” “ours,” “us” and “ATN” refer to Atlantic Tele-Network, Inc. and its subsidiaries. This Report contains trademarks, service marks and trade names that are the property of, or licensed by, ATN, and its subsidiaries.

 

Reference to dollars ($) refer to U.S. dollars unless otherwise specifically indicated.

 

 

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Table of Contents

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATIO N

Item 1. Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statement s

ATLANTIC TELE-NETWORK, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET S

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 

 

December 31, 

 

 

    

2016

    

2015

    

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

391,102

 

$

392,045

 

Restricted cash

 

 

846

 

 

824

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $9.4 million and $9.3 million, respectively

 

 

48,743

 

 

39,020

 

Materials and supplies

 

 

8,746

 

 

8,220

 

Prepayments and other current assets

 

 

29,283

 

 

28,383

 

Total current assets

 

 

478,720

 

 

468,492

 

Fixed Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

 

821,581

 

 

807,247

 

Less accumulated depreciation

 

 

(446,286)

 

 

(433,744)

 

Net fixed assets

 

 

375,295

 

 

373,503

 

Telecommunication licenses, net

 

 

43,313

 

 

43,468

 

Goodwill

 

 

45,077

 

 

45,077

 

Trade name license, net

 

 

417

 

 

417

 

Customer relationships, net

 

 

1,013

 

 

1,081

 

Restricted cash

 

 

4,802

 

 

5,477

 

Other assets

 

 

9,376

 

 

7,489

 

Total assets

 

$

958,013

 

$

945,004

 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current portion of long-term debt

 

$

6,341

 

$

6,284

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

 

40,603

 

 

44,137

 

Dividends payable

 

 

5,166

 

 

5,142

 

Accrued taxes

 

 

12,881

 

 

9,181

 

Advance payments and deposits

 

 

9,842

 

 

9,459

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

12,651

 

 

10,152

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

87,484

 

 

84,355

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

45,406

 

 

45,406

 

Other liabilities

 

 

35,909

 

 

26,944

 

Long-term debt, excluding current portion

 

 

24,983

 

 

26,575

 

Total liabilities

 

 

193,782

 

 

183,280

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Atlantic Tele-Network, Inc. Stockholders’ Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value per share; 10,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value per share; 50,000,000 shares authorized; 16,937,504 and 16,828,576 shares issued, respectively, and 16,143,514 and 16,067,736 shares outstanding respectively

 

 

168

 

 

168

 

Treasury stock, at cost; 793,990 and 760,840 shares, respectively

 

 

(20,603)

 

 

(18,254)

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

157,080

 

 

154,768

 

Retained earnings

 

 

548,273

 

 

547,321

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(3,700)

 

 

(3,704)

 

Total Atlantic Tele-Network, Inc. stockholders’ equity

 

 

681,218

 

 

680,299

 

Non-controlling interests

 

 

83,013

 

 

81,425

 

Total equity

 

 

764,231

 

 

761,724

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

$

958,013

 

$

945,004

 

 

The accompanying condensed notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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ATLANTIC TELE-NETWORK, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT S

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2016 and 2015

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended  March 31, 

 

 

 

    

2016

    

2015

    

 

REVENUE:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wireless

 

$

58,878

 

$

57,015

 

 

Wireline

 

 

22,445

 

 

20,593

 

 

Equipment and other

 

 

2,774

 

 

2,447

 

 

Renewable energy

 

 

5,589

 

 

5,289

 

 

Total revenue

 

 

89,686

 

 

85,344

 

 

OPERATING EXPENSES (excluding depreciation and amortization unless otherwise indicated) :

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Termination and access fees

 

 

20,913

 

 

20,197

 

 

Engineering and operations

 

 

9,837

 

 

7,656

 

 

Sales and marketing

 

 

5,154

 

 

5,261

 

 

Equipment expense

 

 

3,259

 

 

3,828

 

 

General and administrative

 

 

16,421

 

 

14,321

 

 

Transaction-related charges

 

 

3,655

 

 

179

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

14,554

 

 

14,751

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

73,793

 

 

66,193

 

 

Income from operations

 

 

15,893

 

 

19,151

 

 

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

 

348

 

 

165

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

(826)

 

 

(779)

 

 

Loss on deconsolidation of subsidiary

 

 

 —

 

 

(19,937)

 

 

Other income, net

 

 

14

 

 

32

 

 

Other expense, net

 

 

(464)

 

 

(20,519)

 

 

INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS BEFORE INCOME TAXES

 

 

15,429

 

 

(1,368)

 

 

Income taxes

 

 

4,631

 

 

(486)

 

 

INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS

 

 

10,798

 

 

(882)

 

 

INCOME FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

 

 

 —

 

 

390

 

 

NET INCOME (LOSS)

 

 

10,798

 

 

(492)

 

 

Net income attributable to non-controlling interests, net of tax expense (benefit) of $(0.1) million and $0.3 million, respectively.

 

 

(4,678)

 

 

(2,777)

 

 

NET INCOME (LOSS) ATTRIBUTABLE TO ATLANTIC TELE-NETWORK, INC. STOCKHOLDERS

 

$

6,120

 

$

(3,269)

 

 

NET INCOME (LOSS) PER WEIGHTED AVERAGE BASIC SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO ATLANTIC TELE-NETWORK, INC. STOCKHOLDERS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Continuing operations

 

$

0.38

 

$

(0.23)

 

 

Discontinued operations

 

$

 —

 

$

0.02

 

 

Total

 

$

0.38

 

$

(0.21)

 

 

NET INCOME (LOSS) PER WEIGHTED AVERAGE DILUTED SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO ATLANTIC TELE-NETWORK, INC. STOCKHOLDERS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Continuing operations

 

$

0.38

 

$

(0.23)

 

 

Discontinued operations

 

$

 —

 

$

0.02

 

 

Total

 

$

0.38

 

$

(0.21)

 

 

WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

16,092

 

 

15,939

 

 

Diluted

 

 

16,198

 

 

15,939

 

 

DIVIDENDS PER SHARE APPLICABLE TO COMMON STOCK

 

$

0.32

 

$

0.29

 

 

 

The accompanying condensed notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

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ATLANTIC TELE-NETWORK, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOM E

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2016 AND 2015

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 

 

 

2016

    

2015

 

Net income (loss)

$

10,798

 

$

(492)

 

Other comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

3

 

 

 —

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

 

3

 

 

 —

 

Comprehensive income

 

10,801

 

 

(492)

 

Less: Comprehensive income attributable to non-controlling interests

 

(4,678)

 

 

(2,777)

 

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Atlantic Tele-Network, Inc.

$

6,123

 

$

(3,269)

 

 

The accompanying condensed notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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ATLANTIC TELE-NETWORK, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOW S

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2016 AND 2015

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 

 

 

2016

    

2015

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

$

10,798

 

$

(492)

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash flows provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

14,554

 

 

14,751

 

Provision for doubtful accounts

 

71

 

 

291

 

Amortization and write off of debt discount and debt issuance costs

 

118

 

 

140

 

Stock-based compensation

 

1,728

 

 

1,224

 

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

 

 —

 

 

(390)

 

Loss on deconsolidation of subsidiary

 

 —

 

 

19,937

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, excluding the effects of acquisitions:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

(9,794)

 

 

5,142

 

Materials and supplies, prepayments, and other current assets

 

(1,425)

 

 

(1,247)

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities, advance payments and deposits and other current liabilities

 

1,652

 

 

(5,756)

 

Accrued taxes

 

4,363

 

 

5,952

 

Other assets

 

(2,022)

 

 

(27)

 

Other liabilities

 

8,286

 

 

(4,660)

 

Net cash provided by operating activities of continuing operations

 

28,329

 

 

34,865

 

Net cash provided by operating activities of discontinued operations

 

 —

 

 

589

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

28,329

 

 

35,454

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

 

(16,445)

 

 

(13,812)

 

Acquisition of business

 

 —

 

 

(2,600)

 

Purchase of marketable securities

 

(2,000)

 

 

 —

 

Change in restricted cash

 

653

 

 

39,635

 

Proceeds from disposition of long-lived assets

 

 —

 

 

5,873

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities of continuing operations

 

(17,792)

 

 

29,096

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends paid on common stock

 

(5,145)

 

 

(4,618)

 

Distribution to minority stockholders

 

(3,036)

 

 

(3,066)

 

Payment of debt issuance costs

 

 —

 

 

(30)

 

Proceeds from stock option exercises

 

165

 

 

277

 

Principal repayments of term loan

 

(1,535)

 

 

(1,483)

 

Purchase of common stock

 

(1,929)

 

 

(1,513)

 

Net cash used in financing activities of continuing operations

 

(11,480)

 

 

(10,433)

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

 

(943)

 

 

54,117

 

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

392,045

 

 

326,216

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

$

391,102

 

$

380,333

 

 

The accompanying condensed notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

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ATLANTIC TELE-NETWORK, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENT S

 

1. ORGANIZATION AND BUSINESS OPERATIONS

 

The Company is a holding company that, through its operating subsidiaries, (i) provides wireless and wireline telecommunications services in North America, Bermuda and the Caribbean, (ii) owns and operates commercial distributed generation solar power systems in the United States and, beginning in April 2016, in India, and (iii) owns and operates terrestrial and submarine fiber optic transport systems in the United States and the Caribbean, respectively.

 

The Company offers the following principal services:

 

·

Wireless.  In the United States, the Company offers wholesale wireless voice and data roaming services to national, regional, local and selected international wireless carriers in rural markets located principally in the Southwest and Midwest United States. The Company also offers wireless voice and data services to retail customers in Bermuda, Guyana, and in other smaller markets in the Caribbean and the United States.

 

·

Wireline.  The Company’s wireline services include local telephone and data services in Guyana and the mainland United States. The Company is the exclusive licensed provider of domestic wireline local and long-distance telephone services in Guyana and international voice and data communications into and out of Guyana. The Company also offers facilities-based integrated voice and data communications services and wholesale transport services to enterprise and residential customers in New England, primarily Vermont, and in New York State. In addition, the Company offers wholesale long-distance voice services to telecommunications carriers.

 

·

Renewable Energy.   In the United States, the Company provides distributed generation solar power to corporate, utility and municipal customers in Massachusetts, California and New Jersey. Beginning in April 2016, the Company began developing projects in India to provide distributed generation solar power to corporate and utility customers.

 

The following chart summarizes the operating activities of the Company’s principal subsidiaries, the segments in which the Company reports its revenue and the markets it served as of March 31, 2016:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Services

   

Segment

   

Markets

   

Tradenames

 

Wireless

 

U.S. Telecom

 

United States (rural markets)

 

Commnet, Choice

 

 

 

International Telecom

 

Aruba, Bermuda, Guyana, U.S. Virgin Islands

 

Mio, CellOne, Cellink, Choice

 

Wireline

 

U.S. Telecom

 

United States (New England and New York State)

 

Sovernet, ION, Essextel

 

 

 

International Telecom

 

Guyana

 

GTT+

 

Renewable   Energy

 

Renewable Energy

 

United States (Massachusetts, California, and New Jersey)

 

Ahana Renewables

 

 

The Company actively evaluates potential acquisitions, investment opportunities and other strategic transactions, both domestic and international, that meet its return on investment and other criteria. The Company provides management, technical, financial, regulatory, and marketing services to its subsidiaries and typically receives a management fee equal to a percentage of their respective revenue. Management fees from subsidiaries are eliminated in consolidation.

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To be consistent with how management allocates resources and assesses the performance of its business operations in 2016, the Company updated its reportable operating segments to consist of the following: i) U.S. Telecom, consisting of the Company’s former U.S. Wireless and U.S. Wireline segments, ii) International Telecom, consisting of the Company’s former Island Wireless and International Integrated Telephony segments, and iii) Renewable Energy, consisting of the Company’s former Renewable Energy segment.  The prior period segment information has been recast to conform to the current year’s segment presentation.  For information about the Company’s business segments and geographical information about its revenue, operating income and long ‑lived assets, see Note 11 to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

2. BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The financial information included herein is unaudited; however, the Company believes such information and the disclosures herein are adequate to make the information presented not misleading and reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) that are necessary for a fair statement of the Company’s financial position and results of operations for such periods. The year-end condensed balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Results of interim periods may not be indicative of results for the full year.  These condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes should be read in conjunction with the Company’s 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, its majority-owned subsidiaries and certain entities, which are consolidated in accordance with the provisions of the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (“FASB”) authoritative guidance on the consolidation of variable interest entities since it is determined that the Company is the primary beneficiary of these entities.

 

Certain reclassifications have been made in the prior period financial statements to conform the Company’s consolidated income statements to how management analyzes its operations in the current period.   These changes did not impact operating income.  For the three months ended March 31, 2015 the aggregate impact of the changes included an increase to termination and access fees of $2.4 million, a decrease to engineering and operations expenses of $1.0 million and a decrease to general and administrative expenses of $1.4 million.

 

The Company’s effective tax rates for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 were 30.0% and 35.5%, respectively.  The Company’s effective tax rate decreased in 2016 primarily due to the $19.9 million loss on deconsolidation within its International Telecom business that had no 2015 tax benefit.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”, which provides a single, comprehensive revenue recognition model for all contracts with customers. The revenue standard is based on the principle that revenue should be recognized to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The standard may be applied retrospectively to each prior period presented or retrospectively with the cumulative effect recognized as of the date of initial application. On July 9, 2015, the FASB approved the deferral of the new standard's effective date by one year. The new standard is now effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. The FASB will permit companies to adopt the new standard early, but not before the original effective date of annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016.   The Company is currently evaluating the adoption method options and the impact of the new guidance on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, “Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs”, which amends the presentation of debt issuance costs on the consolidated balance sheet. Under the new guidance, debt issuance costs are presented as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the debt liability rather than as an asset. The

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Company adopted ASU 2015-03 on January 1, 2016 and has determined that its adoption did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-05, “Customer’s Accounting for Fees Paid in a Cloud Computing Arrangement”, which provides guidance about whether a cloud computing arrangement includes software and how to account for that software license.  The new guidance does not change the accounting for a customer’s accounting for service contracts.  The standard is effective beginning January 1, 2017, with early adoption permitted, and may be applied prospectively or retrospectively.  The Company does not expect ASU 2015-05 to have a material impact on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows. 

   

In September 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-16, “Simplifying the Accounting for Measurement-Period Adjustments”, which provides updated guidance related to simplifying the accounting for measurement period adjustments related to business combinations.  The amended guidance eliminates the requirement to retrospectively account for adjustments made during the measurement period. The standard is effective beginning January 1, 2016, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect ASU 2015-16 to have a material impact on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)”, which provides comprehensive lease accounting guidance.  The standard requires entities to recognize lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet as well as disclosure of key information about leasing arrangements.   ASU 2016-02 will become effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted.  The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the new guidance on its consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, “ Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting ”. The standard is intended to simplify several areas of accounting for share-based compensation arrangements, including the income tax impact, classification on the statement of cash flows and forfeitures. ASU 2016-09 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2016, and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the standard will have on its consolidated financial statements.

3. USE OF ESTIMATES

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. The most significant estimates relate to the allowance for doubtful accounts, useful lives of the Company’s fixed and finite-lived intangible assets, allocation of purchase price to assets acquired and liabilities assumed in purchase business combinations, fair value of indefinite-lived intangible assets, goodwill and income taxes. Actual results could differ significantly from those estimates.

 

4. ACQUISITIONS

 

Subsequent to March 31, 2016, the Company finalized the previously announced acquisitions of Vibrant Energy and KeyTech Limited.  The results of operations for the period ended March 31, 2016 do not include the impact of these acquisitions.

 

Acquisitions Completed Subsequent to Quarter End

 

Vibrant Energy

On April 7, 2016, the Company completed its acquisition of a solar power development portfolio in India from Armstrong Energy Global Limited (“Armstrong”), a well-known developer, builder, and owner of solar farms (the “Vibrant Energy Acquisition”).  The business operates under the name Vibrant Energy. The Company also retained

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several Armstrong employees in the UK and India who are employed by the Company to oversee the development, construction and operation of the India solar projects. The projects to be developed initially are located in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and are based on a commercial and industrial business model, similar to the Company’s existing renewable energy operations in the United States. As of April 7, 2016, the Company began consolidating the results of Vibrant Energy in its financial statements within its Renewable Energy segment.

 

The preliminary purchase price of Vibrant Energy is approximately $11 million of cash consideration and relates primarily to acquired property and equipment that will be used in the production of energy. The preliminary purchase price allocation is in process and will be completed in the second quarter.  The Company expects Vibrant Energy to have 20-25 Megawatts peak (“MWp”) on line and generating revenue by early in the fourth quarter of 2016, 45 MWp by January 2017 and to target the development of at least 250 MWp in solar energy projects in the India markets through the end of 2018. Customers for the India projects are private commercial and industrial enterprises.

 

KeyTech Limited

 

On May 3, 2016, the Company completed its acquisition of a controlling interest in KeyTech Limited (“KeyTech”), a publicly held Bermuda company listed on the Bermuda Stock Exchange (“BSX”) that provides broadband and cable television services and other telecommunications services to residential and enterprise customers under the “Logic” name in Bermuda and the Cayman Islands (the “KeyTech Transaction”).   Keytech also owned a minority interest of approximately 43% in the Company’s consolidated subsidiary, Bermuda Digital Communications Ltd., which provides wireless services in Bermuda under the “CellOne” name.  As part of the transaction, the Company contributed its ownership interest of approximately 43% in CellOne and approximately $42 million in cash in exchange for a 51% ownership interest in KeyTech. As part of the transaction, CellOne was merged with and into a company within the KeyTech group and the approximate 15% interest in CellOne held, in the aggregate, by CellOne’s minority shareholders was converted into the right to receive common shares in KeyTech. Following the transaction, CellOne is now indirectly wholly owned by KeyTech, and KeyTech continues to be listed on the BSX. A portion of the cash proceeds that KeyTech received upon closing was used to fund a one-time special dividend to KeyTech's existing shareholders and to retire KeyTech's subordinated debt.  On May 3, 2016, the Company began consolidating the results of KeyTech within its financial statements in its International Telecom segment.

 

The transaction will be accounted for as a business combination  of KeyTech and the acquisition of additional interest in Bermuda Digital Communications Ltd . The  preliminary allocation for the cash contribution of $42 million, less approximately  $3  million of transaction fees paid by KeyTech, is in process and will be completed in the second quarter.

   

 

Pending Acquisition

 

Innovative

 

On September 30, 2015, the Company entered into an agreement to acquire all of the membership interests of Caribbean Asset Holdings LLC, the holding company for the Innovative group of companies operating cable TV, Internet and landline services primarily in the U.S. Virgin Islands (“Innovative”), from the National Rural Utilities Cooperative Finance Corporation (“CFC”). The Company will purchase the Innovative operations for a purchase price of approximately $145 million, subject to certain purchase price adjustments (the “Innovative Transaction”).  In connection with the purchase, the Company has the option to finance up to $60 million of the purchase price with a loan from an affiliate of CFC, the Rural Telephone Finance Cooperative (“RTFC”) on the terms and conditions set forth in a commitment letter and rate lock option letter executed by RTFC, which were filed with the Company’s 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K.  The Company expects to fund the remaining $85.0 million of the purchase price, plus any amounts not financed, in cash. With the purchase, the Company’s current operations in the U.S. Virgin Islands under the “Choice” name will be combined with Innovative to deliver residential and business subscribers a full range of telecommunications and media services.

 

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The Innovative Transaction is subject to customary closing terms and conditions and the receipt of approvals from the Federal Communications Commission and regulatory authorities in the U.S.Virgin Islands.  The Company currently expects to complete the transaction in mid-2016.  Upon completion of the Innovative Transaction, t he results of Caribbean Asset Holdings LLC will be included in the Company’s International Telecom segment.

 

 

 

5. LOSS ON DECONSOLIDATION OF SUBSIDIARY

 

During March 2015, the Company sold certain assets and liabilities of its Turks and Caicos business in its International Telecom segment.  As a result, the Company recorded a loss of approximately $19.9 million arising from the deconsolidation of non-controlling interests of $20.0 million and a gain of $0.1 million arising from an excess of sales proceeds over the carrying value of net assets disposed of.  The net loss on disposition is included within other income (expense) and does not relate to a strategic shift in the Company’s operations.  As a result, the subsidiary’s historical results and financial position are presented with continuing operations.

 

6. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

 

In accordance with the provisions of fair value accounting, a fair value measurement assumes that a transaction to sell an asset or transfer a liability occurs in the principal market for the asset or liability or, in the absence of a principal market, the most advantageous market for the asset or liability and defines fair value based upon an exit price model.

 

The fair value measurement guidance establishes a fair value hierarchy which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The guidance describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

 

 

 

Level 1

 

Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reporting date. Active markets are those in which transactions for the asset and liability occur in sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis. Level 1 assets and liabilities include money market funds, debt and equity securities and derivative contracts that are traded in an active exchange market.

 

 

 

Level 2

 

Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities. Level 2 assets and liabilities include debt securities with quoted prices that are traded less frequently than exchange-traded instruments and derivative contracts whose value is determined using a pricing model with inputs that are observable in the market or can be derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data. This category generally includes corporate obligations and non-exchange traded derivative contracts.

 

 

 

Level 3

 

Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. Level 3 assets and liabilities include financial instruments and intangible assets that have been impaired whose value is determined using pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies, or similar techniques, as well as instruments for which the determination of fair value requires significant management judgment or estimation.

 

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Assets and liabilities of the Company measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 are summarized as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2016

 

 

    

 

 

    

Significant Other

    

 

 

 

 

 

Quoted Prices in

 

Observable

 

 

 

 

 

 

Active Markets

 

Inputs

 

 

 

 

Description

 

(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

Total

 

Certificates of deposit

 

$

 —

 

$

377

 

$

377

 

Money market funds

 

$

34,357

 

$

 —

 

$

34,357

 

Total assets measured at fair value

 

$

34,357

 

$

377

 

$

34,734

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2015

 

 

    

 

 

    

Significant Other

    

 

 

 

 

 

Quoted Prices in

 

Observable

 

 

 

 

 

 

Active Markets

 

Inputs

 

 

 

 

Description

 

(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

Total

 

Certificates of deposit

 

$

 —

 

$

377

 

$

377

 

Money market funds

 

$

76,263

 

$

 —

 

$

76,263

 

Total assets measured at fair value

 

$

76,263

 

$

377

 

$

76,640

 

 

Certificate of Deposit

 

As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, this asset class consisted of a time deposit at a financial institution denominated in U.S. dollars. The asset class is classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy because the fair value was based on observable market data.

 

Money Market Funds

 

As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, this asset class consisted of a money market portfolio that comprises Federal government and U.S. Treasury securities. The asset class is classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy because its underlying investments are valued using quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets.

 

Other Fair Value Disclosures

The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, and accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate their fair values because of the relatively short-term maturities of these financial instruments. 

The fair value of marketable securities is estimated using Level 2 inputs.  At March 31, 2016, the fair value of marketable securities was equal to its carrying amount of $2.0 million and is included in other assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

The fair value of   long-term debt is estimated using Level 2 inputs.  At March 31, 2016, the fair value, in thousands, of long-term debt, including the current portion, was equal to its carrying amount of $31,324.  At December 31, 2015, the fair value of the long-term debt, including the current portion, was equal to its carrying amount of $32,859.

 

 

7. LONG-TERM DEBT

 

 

On December 19, 2014, the Company amended and restated its then existing credit facility with CoBank, ACB and a syndicate of other lenders to provide for a $225 million revolving credit facility (the “Credit Facility”) that includes (i) up to $10 million under the Credit Facility for standby or trade letters of credit, (ii) up to $25 million under

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the Credit Facility for letters of credit that are necessary or desirable to qualify for disbursements from the FCC’s mobility fund and (iii) up to $10 million under a swingline sub-facility.

Amounts the Company may borrow under the Credit Facility bear interest at a rate equal to, at its option, either (i) the London Interbank Offered Rate ( LIBOR ) plus an applicable margin ranging between 1.50% to 1.75% or (ii) a base rate plus an applicable margin ranging from 0.50% to 0.75% .   Swingline loans will bear interest at the base rate plus the applicable margin for base rate loans.  The base rate is equal to the higher of (i) 1.00%  plus the higher of (x) the one-week LIBOR and (y) the one-month LIBOR ; (ii) the federal funds effective rate (as defined in the Credit Facility ) plus 0.50% per annum; and (iii) the prime rate (as defined in the Credit Facility ). The applicable margin is determined based on the ratio (as further defined in the Credit Facility) of the Company’s indebtedness to EBITDA. Under the terms of the Credit Facility, the Company must also pay a fee ranging from 0.175% to 0.250% of the average daily unused portion of the Credit Facility over each calendar quarter.

 

On January 11, 2016, the Company amended the Credit Facility (the “Amendment”) to provide for lender consent to, among other actions, (i) the contribution by the Company of all of its equity interests in ATN Bermuda Holdings, Ltd. to ATN Overseas Holdings, Ltd. in connection with the KeyTech Transaction, and subject to the closing of the KeyTech Transaction, a one-time, non-pro rata cash distribution by KeyTech Limited in an aggregate amount not to exceed $13.0 million to certain of KeyTech Limited’s shareholders; and (ii) the incurrence by certain subsidiaries of the Company of secured debt in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $60.0 million in connection with our option to finance a portion of the Innovative Transaction. The Amendment increases the amount the Company is permitted to invest in “unrestricted” subsidiaries of the Company, which are not subject to the covenants of the Credit Facility , from $275.0 million to $400.0 million (as such increased amount shall be reduced from time to time by the aggregate amount of certain dividend payments to the Company’s stockholders).     The Amendment also provides for the incurrence by the Company of incremental term loan facilities, when combined with increases to revolving loan commitments under the Credit Facility , in an aggregate amount not to exceed $200.0 million, which facilities shall be subject to certain conditions, including pro forma compliance with the total net leverage ratio financial covenant under the Credit Facility .

The Credit Facility contains customary representations, warranties and covenants, including a financial covenant that imposes a maximum ratio of indebtedness to EBITDA as well as covenants by the Company limiting additional indebtedness, liens, guaranties, mergers and consolidations, substantial asset sales, investments and loans, sale and leasebacks, transactions with affiliates and fundamental changes. In addition, the Credit Facility contains a financial covenant by us that imposes a maximum ratio of indebtedness to EBITDA. As of March 31, 2016, the Company was in compliance with all of the financial covenants of the Credit Facility.

As of March 31, 2016, the Company had no borrowings under the Credit Facility and approximately $10.6 million of outstanding letters of credit.

Ahana Debt

 

In connection with the Ahana Acquisition on December 24, 2014, the Company assumed $38.9 million in long-term debt (the “Ahana Debt”).  The Ahana Debt includes multiple loan agreements with banks that bear interest at rates between 4.5% and 6.0 %, mature at various times between 2018 and 2023 and are secured by certain solar facilities.  Repayment of the Ahana Debt with the banks is made on a monthly basis until maturity.

 

The Ahana Debt also includes a loan from Public Service Electric & Gas (PSE&G).  The note payable to PSE&G bears interest at 11.3%, matures in 2027, and is secured by certain solar facilities.  Repayment of the Ahana Debt with PSE&G can be made in either cash or solar renewable energy credits (“SRECs”) , at the Company’s discretion, with the value of the SRECs being fixed at the time of the loan’s closing.  Historically, we have made all repayments of the note payable to PSE&G using SRECs.

 

As of March 31, 2016, $31.3 million of the Ahana Debt remained outstanding.

 

 

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8. GOVERNMENT GRANTS

 

The Company has received funding from the U.S. Government and its agencies under Stimulus and Universal Services Fund programs.  These are generally designed to fund telecommunications infrastructure expansion into rural or underserved areas of the United States.  The fund programs are evaluated to determine if they represent funding related to capital expenditures (capital grants) or operating activities (income grants).

 

Mobility Fund Grants

 

As part of the Federal Communications Commission’s (“FCC”) reform of its Universal Service Fund (“USF”) program, which previously provided support to carriers seeking to offer telecommunications services in high-cost areas and to low-income households, the FCC created two new funds, including the Mobility Fund, a one-time award meant to support wireless coverage in underserved geographic areas in the United States. In August 2013 and October 2014, the Company received FCC final approvals  for $21.7 million and $2.4 million, respectively, of Mobility Fund support to its wholesale wireless business (the “Mobility Funds”), to expand voice and broadband networks in certain geographic areas in order to offer either 3G or 4G coverage. As part of the receipt of the Mobility Funds, the Company committed to comply with certain additional FCC construction and other requirements. A portion of these funds will be used to offset network capital costs and a portion is used to offset the costs of supporting the networks for a period of five years from the award date. In connection with the Company’s application for the Mobility Funds, the Company has issued approximately $10.6 million in letters of credit to the Universal Service Administrative Company (“USAC”) to secure these obligations. If the Company fails to comply with any of the terms and conditions upon which the Mobility Funds were granted, or if the Company loses eligibility for the Mobility Funds, USAC will be entitled to draw the entire amount of the letter of credit applicable to the affected project plus penalties and may disqualify the Company from the receipt of additional Mobility Fund support.

 

The Mobility Funds projects and their results are included within the Company’s U.S. Telecom segment. As of March 31, 2016, the Company had received approximately $8.1 million in Mobility Funds. Of these funds, $1.6 million was recorded as an offset to operating expenses, $4.0 million was recorded as an offset to the cost of the property, plant, and equipment associated with these projects and, consequentially, a reduction of future depreciation expense and the remaining $2.5 million of future operating costs is recorded within current liabilities in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2016. The balance sheet presentation is based on the timing of the expected usage of the funds which will reduce future operations expenses.

 

 

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9. EQUITY

 

Stockholders’ equity was as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended  March 31, 

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

 

 

Atlantic Tele-

 

Non-Controlling

 

 

 

 

Atlantic Tele-

 

Non-Controlling

 

Total

 

 

    

Network, Inc.

    

Interests

    

Total Equity

    

Network, Inc.

    

Interests

    

Equity

 

Equity, beginning of period

 

$

680,299

 

$

81,425

 

$

761,724

 

$

677,222

 

$

60,960

 

$

738,182

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

1,728

 

 

 —

 

 

1,728

 

 

1,224

 

 

 —

 

 

1,224

 

Comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

 

6,120

 

 

4,678

 

 

10,798

 

 

(3,269)

 

 

2,777

 

 

(492)

 

Translation adjustment

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 —

 

 

 

 

 —

 

Total comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

6,123

 

 

4,678

 

 

10,801

 

 

(3,269)

 

 

2,777

 

 

(492)

 

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options

 

 

582

 

 

 —

 

 

582

 

 

651

 

 

 —

 

 

651

 

Dividends declared on common stock

 

 

(5,166)

 

 

 —

 

 

(5,166)

 

 

(4,646)

 

 

(3,066)

 

 

(7,712)

 

Distributions to non-controlling interests

 

 

 —

 

 

(3,090)

 

 

(3,090)

 

 

 —

 

 

20,013

 

 

20,013

 

Purchase of treasury stock

 

 

(2,348)

 

 

 —

 

 

(2,348)

 

 

(1,884)

 

 

 —

 

 

(1,884)

 

Equity, end of period

 

$

681,218

 

$

83,013

 

$

764,231

 

$

669,298

 

$

80,684

 

$

749,982

 

 

 

 

 

10. NET INCOME PER SHARE

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, outstanding stock options were the only potentially dilutive securities. The reconciliation from basic to diluted weighted average shares of common stock outstanding is as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended  March 31, 

 

 

    

2016

    

2015

 

Basic weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding

 

16,092

 

15,939

 

Stock options

 

106

 

 —

 

Diluted weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding

 

16,198

 

15,939

 

 

The above calculation for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, does not include approximately 5,000 shares and 173,000 shares, respectively, related to certain stock options because the effect of such options were anti-dilutive.

 

11. SEGMENT REPORTING

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2015, the Company had five reportable segments for separate disclosure in accordance with the FASB’s authoritative guidance on disclosures about segments of an enterprise. Those five segments were: i) U.S. Wireless, which generated all of its revenues in and had all of its assets located in the United States, ii) International Integrated Telephony, which generated all of its revenues in and had all of its assets located in Guyana, iii) Island Wireless, which generated a majority of its revenues in, and had a majority of its assets located in, Bermuda and which also generated revenues in and had assets located in the U.S. Virgin Islands, Aruba and Turks and Caicos (through March 23, 2015),  iv) U.S. Wireline, which generated all of its revenues in and had all of its assets located in the United States, and v) Renewable Energy, which generated all of its revenues in and had all of its assets located in the United States.  The operating segments were managed separately because each offers different services and serves different markets.  

 

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To be consistent with how management allocates resources and assesses the performance of its business operations in 2016, the Company updated its reportable operating segments to consist of the following: i) U.S. Telecom, consisting of the Company’s former U.S. Wireless and U.S. Wireline segments, ii) International Telecom, consisting of the Company’s former Island Wireless and International Integrated Telephony segments, and iii) Renewable Energy, consisting of the Company’s former Renewable Energy segment.  The prior period segment information has been recast to conform to the current year’s segment presentation.

 

The following tables provide information for each operating segment (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016

 

    

 

 

    

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S.

 

International

 

Renewable

 

Reconciling

 

 

 

 

 

Telecom

 

Telecom

 

Energy

 

Items  (1)

 

Consolidated

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wireless

 

$

39,464

 

$

19,414

 

$

 —

 

$

 —

 

$

58,878

Wireline

 

 

6,046

 

 

16,399

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

22,445

Equipment and Other

 

 

688

 

 

2,086

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

2,774

Renewable Energy

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

5,589

 

 

 —

 

 

5,589

Total Revenue

 

 

46,198

 

 

37,899

 

 

5,589

 

 

 —

 

 

89,686

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

5,654

 

 

6,341

 

 

1,207

 

 

1,352

 

 

14,554

Non-cash stock-based compensation

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

28

 

 

1,700

 

 

1,728

Operating income (loss)

 

 

16,746

 

 

7,737

 

 

63

 

 

(8,653)

 

 

15,893

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2015

 

    

 

 

    

    

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

U.S.

 

International

 

Renewable

 

Reconciling

 

 

 

 

 

Telecom

 

Telecom

 

Energy

 

Items  (1)

 

Consolidated

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wireless

 

$

35,843

 

$

21,172

 

$

 —

 

$

 —

 

$

57,015

Wireline

 

 

5,993

 

 

14,600

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

20,593

Equipment and Other

 

 

540

 

 

1,907

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

2,447

Renewable Energy

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

5,289

 

 

 —

 

 

5,289

Total Revenue

 

 

42,376

 

 

37,679

 

 

5,289

 

 

 —

 

 

85,344

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

5,503

 

 

6,911

 

 

1,204

 

 

1,133

 

 

14,751

Non-cash stock-based compensation

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

181

 

 

1,043

 

 

1,224

Operating income (loss)

 

 

16,775

 

 

6,179

 

 

2,652

 

 

(6,455)

 

 

19,151

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

    

 

 

    

 

    

    

 

 

 

 

U.S.

 

International

 

Renewable

 

Reconciling

 

 

 

 

 

Telecom

 

Telecom

 

Energy

 

Items  (1)

 

Consolidated

March 31, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net fixed assets

 

$

118,857

 

$

138,348

 

$

105,349

 

$

12,741

 

$

375,295

Goodwill

 

 

39,639

 

 

5,438

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

45,077

Total assets

 

 

243,156

 

 

285,491

 

 

123,775

 

 

305,591

 

 

958,013

December 31, 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net fixed assets

 

$

119,596

 

$

133,262

 

$

106,560

 

$

14,085

 

$

373,503

Goodwill

 

 

39,639

 

 

5,438

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

45,077

Total assets

 

 

227,707

 

 

278,770

 

 

122,788

 

 

315,739

 

 

945,004

 

 

 

 

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Capital   Expenditures

 

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

    

 

 

 

 

U.S.

 

 

International

 

 

Renewable

 

 

Reconciling

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended  March 31, 

 

 

Telecom

 

 

Telecom

 

 

Energy

 

 

Items  (1)

 

 

Consolidated

 

 

2016

 

$

7,561

 

$

7,774

 

$

 —

 

$

1,110

 

$

16,445

 

 

2015

 

 

7,871

 

 

5,209

 

 

 —

 

 

732

 

 

13,812

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)   Reconciling items refer to corporate overhead matters and consolidating adjustments.

 

 

 

 

12. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Regulatory and Litigation Matters

 

The Company and its subsidiaries are subject to certain regulatory and legal proceedings and other claims arising in the ordinary course of business, some of which involve claims for damages and taxes that are substantial in amount. The Company believes that, except for the items discussed below, for which the Company is currently unable to predict the final outcome, the disposition of proceedings currently pending will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

As of March 31, 2016 the Company had approximately $10.6 million in letters of credit payable to USAC outstanding to cover its Mobility Fund obligations and there were no drawdowns against these letters of credit. The letters of credit accrue a fee at a rate of 1.75% per annum on the outstanding amounts. If the Company fails to comply with certain terms and conditions upon which the Mobility Funds are to be granted, or if it loses eligibility for Mobility Fund support, USAC will be entitled to draw the entire amount of the letter of credit applicable to the affected project including penalties. The results of the Company’s Mobility Fund projects, once initiated, will be included in the Company’s “U.S. Telecom” segment.

Currently, the Company’s Guyana subsidiary, GTT, holds a license to provide domestic fixed services and international voice and data services in Guyana on an exclusive basis until December 2030. Since 2001, the Government of Guyana has stated its intention to introduce additional competition into Guyana’s telecommunications sector. Since that time, the Company and GTT have met on several occasions with officials of the Government of Guyana to discuss potential modifications of GTT’s exclusivity and other rights under the existing agreement and license. In 2012, the Government of Guyana introduced draft legislation in Parliament that, if enacted, would have the effect of terminating the Company’s exclusive license rights by permitting other telecommunications carriers to receive licenses to provide domestic fixed services and international voice and data services in Guyana. Along with the draft legislation, the Government also released drafts of new regulations and licenses (collectively, the “Draft Laws”). These Draft Laws would also introduce material changes to many other features of Guyana’s existing telecommunications regulatory regime. While little or no substantive actions were taken on the Draft Laws since 2012, the Company cannot predict when or if the proposed legislation will be adopted by Parliament or, if adopted and then signed into law by the President, the manner in which it would be implemented by the Minister of Telecommunications and the PUC. Although the Company believes that it would be entitled to damages or other compensation for any involuntary termination of its contractual exclusivity rights, it cannot guarantee that the Company would prevail in a proceeding to enforce its rights or that its actions would effectively halt any unilateral action by the Government.

Historically, GTT has been subject to other litigation proceedings and disputes in Guyana that, while not conclusively resolved, to the Company’s knowledge have not been the subject of discussions or other significant activity in the last five years. It is possible, but not likely, that these disputes, as discussed below, may be revived. The Company believes that none of these additional proceedings would, in the event of an adverse outcome, have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operation or liquidity.

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In a letter dated September 8, 2006, the National Frequency Management Unit (“NFMU”) agreed that total spectrum fees in Guyana should not increase for the years 2006 and 2007. However, that letter implied that spectrum fees in 2008 and onward may be increased beyond the amount GTT agreed to with the Government. GTT has objected to the NFMU’s proposed action and reiterated its position that an increase in fees prior to development of an acceptable methodology would violate the Government’s prior agreement. In 2011, GTT paid the NFMU $2.6 million representing payments in full for 2008, 2009 and 2010. However, by letter dated November 23, 2011, the NFMU stated that it did not concur with GTT’s inference that the amount was payment in full for the specified years as it was their continued opinion that the final calculation for GSM spectrum fees was not agreed upon and was still an outstanding issue. By further letter dated November 24, 2011, the NFMU further rejected a proposal that was previously submitted jointly by GTT and Digicel which outlined a recommended methodology for the calculation of these fees. The NFMU stated that it would prepare its own recommendation which it would send to the Minister of Telecommunications for decision of the matter. GTT paid additional spectrum fees in 2012 according to the methodology used for its 2011 payments, and have reserved amounts payable for 2013 and 2014 according to this methodology. There have been no further discussions on this subject and GTT has not had the opportunity to review any recommendation made to the Minister.

In November 2007, Caribbean Telecommunications Limited (“CTL”) filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey against GT&T and ATN claiming breach of an interconnection agreement for domestic cellular services in Guyana and related claims. CTL asserted over $200 million in damages. GT&T and ATN moved to dismiss the complaint on procedural and jurisdictional grounds. On January 26, 2009, the court granted the motions to dismiss the complaint on the grounds asserted. On November 7, 2009 and again on April 4, 2013, CTL filed a similar claim against GT&T and the PUC in the High Court of Guyana. The matter remained idle from the April 2013 filing until December 2015 when CTL filed a “Statement of Claim” reiterating the claims previously made in its prior filings.  On April 7, 2016 the High Court of Guyana struck and dismissed CTL’s action as abandoned pursuant to the Court’s rules of civil procedure and the claim is no longer pending.

On May 8, 2009, Digicel filed a lawsuit in Guyana challenging the legality of GTT’s exclusive license rights under Guyana’s constitution. Digicel initially filed this lawsuit against the Attorney General of Guyana in the High Court. On May 13, 2009, GTT petitioned to intervene in the suit in order to oppose Digicel’s claims and that petition was granted on May 18, 2009. GTT filed an answer to the charge on June 22, 2009 and the case is pending. The Company believes that any legal challenge to GTT’s exclusive license rights granted in 1990 is without merit and the Company intends to vigorously defend against such a legal challenge.

On February 17, 2010, GTT filed a lawsuit in the High Court of Guyana asserting that, despite its denials, Digicel is engaged in international bypass in violation of GTT’s exclusive license rights, the interconnection agreement between the parties, and the laws of Guyana. GTT is seeking, among other things, injunctive relief to stop the illegal bypass activity, actual damages in excess of US$9 million and punitive damages of approximately US$5 million. Digicel filed counterclaims alleging that GTT has violated the terms of the interconnection agreement and Guyana laws. GTT intends to vigorously prosecute this suit.

GTT is also involved in several legal claims regarding its tax filings with the Guyana Revenue Authority dating back to 1991 regarding the deductibility of intercompany advisory fees as well as other tax assessments. Should GTT be held liable for any of the disputed tax assessments, totaling $32.4 million, the Company believes that the Government of Guyana would then be obligated to reimburse GTT for any amounts necessary to ensure that GTT’s return on investment was no less than 15% per annum for the relevant periods.  The Company believes that some adverse outcome is probable and has accordingly accrued $5.0 million as of March 31, 2016 for these matters.

The term of the Company’s telecommunications license to operate in Aruba expired on January 15, 2014. The government of Aruba informed the Company earlier in January 2014 that a renewed license would be issued only upon payment by the Company of a fee in the amount of Afl 7.2 million (or approximately US$4 million). The Company is continuing to operate as it is actively contesting the assessment of such fee.

 

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13. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

See Note 4 for a discussion of the Vibrant Energy Acquisition and the KeyTech Transaction.

 

 

 

 

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Item 2.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATION S

 

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations that follows are based upon our condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of our financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses, and the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of our financial statements. Actual results may differ significantly from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. This discussion should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements herein and the accompanying notes thereto, and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 (our “ 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K”) , and in particular, the information set forth therein under Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”.

 

Overview

 

We are a holding company that, through our operating subsidiaries, (i) provides wireless and wireline telecommunications services in North America, Bermuda and the Caribbean, (ii) owns and operates commercial distributed generation solar power systems in the United States and, beginning in April 2016, in India, and (iii) owns and operates terrestrial and submarine fiber optic transport systems in the United States and the Caribbean, respectively. We were incorporated in Delaware in 1987 and began trading publicly in 1991. Since that time, we have engaged in strategic acquisitions and investments to grow our operations. We continue to actively evaluate additional domestic and international acquisition, divesture, and investment opportunities and other strategic transactions in the telecommunications, energy-related and other industries that meet our return-on-investment and other acquisition criteria. For a discussion of our investment strategy and risks involved, see “ Risk Factors—We are actively evaluating investment, acquisition and other strategic opportunities, which may affect our long-term growth prospects .” in our 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

We offer the following principal services:

 

·

Wireless.   In the United States, we offer wholesale wireless voice and data roaming services to national, regional, local and selected international wireless carriers in rural markets located principally in the Southwest and Midwest United States. We also offer wireless voice and data services to retail customers in Bermuda, Guyana, and in other smaller markets in the Caribbean and the United States.

 

·

Wireline.   Our wireline services include local telephone and data services in Guyana and the mainland United States. We are the exclusive licensed provider of domestic wireline local and long-distance telephone services in Guyana and international voice and data communications into and out of Guyana. We also offer facilities-based integrated voice and data communications services and wholesale transport services to enterprise and residential customers in New England, primarily Vermont, and New York State. In addition, we offer wholesale long-distance voice services to telecommunications carriers.

 

·

Renewable Energy.   In the United States, we provide distributed generation solar power to corporate, utility and municipal customers in Massachusetts, California and New Jersey. Beginning in April 2016, we began developing projects in India to provide distributed generation solar power to corporate and utility customers.

 

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The following chart summarizes the operating activities of our principal subsidiaries, the segments in which we report our revenue and the markets we served as of March 31, 2016:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Services

   

Segment

   

Markets

   

Tradenames

 

Wireless

 

U.S. Telecom

 

United States (rural markets)

 

Commnet, Choice

 

 

 

International Telecom

 

Aruba, Bermuda, Guyana, U.S. Virgin Islands

 

Mio, CellOne, Cellink, Choice

 

Wireline

 

U.S. Telecom

 

United States (New England and New York State)

 

Sovernet, ION, Essextel

 

 

 

International Telecom

 

Guyana

 

GTT+

 

Renewable   Energy

 

Renewable Energy

 

United States (Massachusetts, California, and New Jersey)

 

Ahana Renewables

 

 

We provide management, technical, financial, regulatory, and marketing services to our subsidiaries and typically receive a management fee equal to a percentage of their respective revenue. Management fees from our subsidiaries are eliminated in consolidation.

 

To be consistent with how management allocates resources and assesses the performance of its business operations in 2016, we updated our reportable operating segments to consist of the following: i) U.S. Telecom, consisting of the Company’s former U.S. Wireless and U.S. Wireline segments, ii) International Telecom, consisting of the Company’s former Island Wireless and International Integrated Telephony segments, and iii) Renewable Energy, consisting of our former Renewable Energy segment.  The prior period segment information has been recast to conform to the current year’s segment presentation.

 

 

Acquisitions

 

For the purpose of clarity and consistency, and except where expressly indicated, each of the forward-looking statements made regarding our operations in this Item 2 assumes that the Vibrant Energy Acquisition and the KeyTech Transaction, which were completed subsequent to March 31, 2016 and are described below, have not yet been consummated.

 

 

Completed Acquisitions

 

 

Vibrant Energy

On April 7, 2016, we completed our acquisition of a solar power development portfolio in India from Armstrong Energy Global Limited (“Armstrong”), a well-known developer, builder, and owner of solar farms (the “Vibrant Energy Acquistion”).  The business operates under the name Vibrant Energy. We also retained several Armstrong employees in the UK and India who are employed by the Company to oversee the development, construction and operation of the India solar projects. The projects to be developed initially are located in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and are based on a commercial and industrial business model, similar to our existing renewable energy operations in the United States. As of April 7, 2016, we began consolidating the results of Vibrant Energy in our financial statements within our Renewable Energy segment.

 

 

The preliminary purchase price of Vibrant Energy was approximately $11 million of cash consideration and relates primarily to acquired property and equipment that will be used in the production of energy. The preliminary purchase price allocation is in process and will be completed in the second quarter.  We expect Vibrant Energy to have 20-25 Megawatts peak (“MWp”) on line and generating revenue by early in the fourth quarter of 2016, 45 MWp by January 2017 and to target the development of at least 250 MWp in solar energy projects in the India markets through the end of 2018. Customers for the initial projects are private commercial and industrial enterprises.  

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KeyTech Limited

 

On May 3, 2016, we completed our acquisition of a controlling interest in KeyTech Limited (“KeyTech”), a publicly held Bermuda company listed on the Bermuda Stock Exchange (“BSX”) that provides broadband and cable television services and other telecommunications services to residential and enterprise customers under the “Logic” name in Bermuda and the Cayman Islands (the “KeyTech Transaction”).   Keytech also owned a minority interest of approximately 43 % in our consolidated subsidiary, Bermuda Digital Communications Ltd., which provides wireless services in Bermuda under the “CellOne” name.  As part of the transaction, we contributed its ownership interest of approximately 43% in CellOne and approximately $42 million in cash in exchange for a 51% ownership interest in KeyTech. As part of the transaction, CellOne was merged with and into a company within the KeyTech group and the approximate 15% interest in CellOne held, in the aggregate, by CellOne’s minority shareholders was converted into the right to receive common shares in KeyTech. Following the transaction, CellOne is now indirectly wholly owned by KeyTech, and KeyTech continues to be listed on the BSX. A portion of the cash proceeds that KeyTech received upon closing was used to fund a one-time special dividend to KeyTech's existing shareholders and to retire KeyTech's subordinated debt. On May 3, 2016, we began consolidating the results of KeyTech within our financial statements in our International Telecom segment.

 

The transaction will be accounted for as a business combination  of KeyTech and the acquisition of additional interest in Bermuda Digital Communications Ltd . The  preliminary allocation for the cash contribution of $42 million, less approximately  $3  million of transaction fees paid by KeyTech, is in process and will be completed in the second quarter.

   

 

Pending Acquisition

 

Innovative

 

On September 30, 2015, we entered into an agreement to acquire all of the membership interests of Caribbean Asset Holdings LLC, the holding company for the Innovative group of companies operating cable TV, Internet and landline services primarily in the U.S. Virgin Islands (“Innovative”), from the National Rural Utilities Cooperative Finance Corporation (“CFC”). We purchased the Innovative operations for a purchase price of approximately $145 million, subject to certain purchase price adjustments (the “Innovative Transaction”).  In connection with the purchase, we have the option to finance up to $60 million of the purchase price with a loan from an affiliate of CFC, the Rural Telephone Finance Cooperative (“RTFC”) on the terms and conditions set forth in a commitment letter and rate lock option letter executed by RTFC.  We expect to fund the remaining $85.0 million of the purchase price, plus any amounts not financed, in either cash or with our revolving line of credit. With the purchase, our current operations in the U.S. Virgin Islands under the “Choice” name will be combined with Innovative to deliver residential and business subscribers a full range of telecommunications and media services.

 

The Innovative Transaction is subject to customary closing terms and conditions and the receipt of approvals from the Federal Communications Commission and regulatory authorities in the U.S.Virgin Islands.    We currently expect to complete the transaction in mid-2016.  Upon the closing of the Innovative Transaction, the results of Caribbean Asset Holdings LLC will be included in our International Telecom segment upon closing.

 

 

 

Disposal of Turks and Caicos Operations

 

During March 2015, we sold certain assets and liabilities of our Turks and Caicos business in our International Telecom segment.  As a result, we recorded a loss of approximately $19.9 million arising from the deconsolidation of non-controlling interests of $20.0 million and a gain of $0.1 million arising from an excess of sales proceeds over the carrying value of net assets disposed of.  The net loss on disposition is included within other income (expense) and does not relate to a strategic shift in our operations.  As a result, the subsidiary’s historical results and financial position are presented within continuing operations.

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Mobility Fund Grants

 

As part of the Federal Communications Commission’s (“FCC”) reform of its Universal Service Fund (“USF”) program, which previously provided support to carriers seeking to offer telecommunications services in high-cost areas and to low-income households, the FCC created two new funds, including the Mobility Fund, a one-time award meant to support wireless coverage in underserved geographic areas in the United States. We have received FCC final approvals for $24.1 million of Mobility Fund support to our wholesale wireless business (the “Mobility Funds”) to expand voice and broadband networks in certain geographic areas in order to offer either 3G or 4G coverage. As part of the receipt of the Mobility Funds, we committed to comply with certain additional FCC construction and other requirements. A portion of these funds will be used to offset network capital costs and a portion is used to offset the costs of supporting the networks for a period of five years from the award date. In connection with our application for the Mobility Funds, we have issued approximately $10.6 million in letters of credit to the Universal Service Administrative Company (“USAC”) to secure these obligations. If we fail to comply with any of the terms and conditions upon which the Mobility Funds were granted, or if we lose eligibility for the Mobility Funds, USAC will be entitled to draw the entire amount of the letter of credit applicable to the affected project plus penalties and may disqualify us from the receipt of additional Mobility Fund support.

 

The results of our Mobility Fund projects are included within our U.S. Telecom segment. As of March 31, 2016, we had received approximately $8.1 million in Mobility Funds. Of these funds, $1.6 million was recorded as an offset to operating expenses, $4.0 million was recorded as an offset to the cost of the property, plant, and equipment associated with these projects and, consequentially, a reduction of future depreciation expense and the remaining $2.5 million of future operating costs is recorded within current liabilities in our consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2016. The balance sheet presentation is based on the timing of the expected usage of the funds which will reduce future operations expenses.

 

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Results of Operations

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2016 and 2015